During my maiden parliamentary sitting in 2013, ‘economy minister’ Abdul Wahid Omar said in Parliament that our country’s unemployment rate is about 3-4 percent and hence it can be said that we have a situation of full employment.
In response, I have pointed out the problems of underemployment, youth unemployment, unfair industrial practices, gender discrimination in the job market, brain drain and post-retirement workers to remind the government not to adopt a self-congratulatory attitude towards the issue of jobs in this country.
Three days ago, on May 12, at a Business Leaders Dialogue Session with the Prime Minister, Abdul Wahid finally acknowledged the problem of youth unemployment. He said that currently, 161,000 graduates aged between 20 and 24 had yet to find a job.
Graduate unemployment is only half the problem
However, young graduate unemployment is only half the problem. In a report by the Finance Ministry, it was shown that from January to August 2011, 90.1 percent or 308,371 persons among job seekers registered with the Human Resource Department are young people aged between 15-29 years old - both graduates and non-graduates.
While unemployment is below 4 percent, youth unemployment is more than two times higher at 10.4 percent. This is considered high for the region, compare for example to our immediate neighbours, Singapore at 7 percent and Thailand at 3.4 percent.
Those who actually have jobs, however, suffer from underemployment, mismatched jobs to their qualification, low wages, and other bad career situations. For example, even based on the government’s conservative definition, youth underemployment is at 15.1 percent. Meanwhile 21 percent of employed degree holders are working in jobs which do not require a degree.
A majority of young workers living in poverty
An overwhelming majority of young workers in Malaysia, that is, 67 percent, earn a monthly salary below RM1,000 while 21 percent earn between RM1,000 to RM1,500. In other words, 88 percent of young workers in Malaysia earn below RM1,500.
In Selangor, those earning below RM1,500 a month are classified as living in poverty.
Young Malaysians affected badly by GST
In such a situation, the federal government insisted on implementing the Goods and Services Tax (GST) last April. The government obviously have not taken into consideration the adverse impact of GST on young Malaysians.
The Penang Institute has shown that where the head of the household is below 24 years old, the household will pay a higher GST over income rate compared to other households.
In other words, GST will affect young households the most.
But of course the worst off are the unemployed young Malaysians, graduate or not. GST obviously does not discriminate between the employed or the unemployed.
GST is the most irresponsible policy by the Najib administration since April 2009 when he became prime minister. It was implemented haphazardly without taking into consideration the current economic situation of Malaysians, especially the situation facing young Malaysians.
The future is bleak for young Malaysians under the current crony capitalist policy of the Barisan Nasional regime. This will definitely leave an economic scar on our young generation, affecting them for at least a decade from now. If a young person is jobless or poor or in debt today, we must not assume that ten year from now he will be doing very well compared to others who are not in such situations now.
STEVEN SIM CHEE KEONG IS MP for Bukit Mertajam, national political education director, Dapsy Malaysia and state publicity secretary, Dapsy Penang.