The reason that attorney-general (AG) Apandi Ali should not be appearing in any court to act personally as the public prosecutor or a lawyer is simply because he is a former Federal Court judge.
A ‘cooling off period’ of at least three years was what we were urging, but in the Malaysian Bar 2014 resolution, we took a stronger stand, a permanent bar even of past judges returning to court as lawyers/counsel.
That is why Apandi Ali should not be there personally ‘prosecuting’ in court, in any case.
The resolution regarding retired judges of the superior courts appearing as counsel in court
Motion jointly proposed by VC George and Razlan Hadri Zulkifli, dated March 5, 2014
(A) WHEREAS it is a fundamental principle of the Malaysian legal system that not only must justice be done, it must be seen to be done; thus perceptions and appearances matter.
(B) WHEREAS it is a principle of antiquity in common law jurisdictions that a retired judge of a superior court should not practise as counsel before the judges who were previously his colleagues or his junior to him on the Bench.
(C) WHEREAS that tradition and convention was likewise observed in Malaysia for decades, until in recent years.
(D) WHEREAS retired judges now frequently appear as counsel, not only in the superior courts, but also in the subordinate courts and even to argue chamber applications.
(E) WHEREAS such conduct may involve the retired judge/counsel purporting to rely upon, distinguishing or criticising decisions made by him while he was on the Bench; worse, there could arise a situation of such a retired judge invoking the principle of stare decisis to submit that the Court is bound by some decision of his handed down when he was a judge.
(F) WHEREAS such conduct may have the effect of intimidating the Bench and worse, it could give the perception that the said retired judge/counsel and his client have an advantage over other counsel and adverse parties.
(G) WHEREAS such conduct may adversely affect public perception as to the administration of justice.
(H) WHEREAS the co-proposer of this motion, VC George and five other retired Judges of the superior courts have written a letter to the president of the Malaysian Bar dated March 2, 2014, expressing their view, concern and objection with the practice of some retired Judges of the superior courts appearing as counsel in Court.
(I) In the context, retired Judges of the superior court having failed to honour tradition and convention by appearing as counsel, they must now be prohibited or restricted by law from continuing with such unacceptable conduct.
The Malaysian Bar therefore resolves:
(1) That a retired judge of the superior courts should be prohibited or restricted by law from appearing as counsel in court, and to achieve that objective calls on the incoming Bar Council to propose an amendment of the Legal Profession Act 1976 to the attorney-general for urgent presentation to Parliament; and
(2) The Bar Council takes all reasonable steps to educate the public on the reasons for the proposed amendment to the law.