Malaysiakini NEWS

Asean nations missing the social agenda

Charles Santiago  |  Published:  |  Modified:

MP SPEAKS It's the 27th time that Asean heads of states and world leaders, such as yourselves, will be meeting to discuss the initiative for Asean integration, which deals with the gaps in economic development in the region.

Besides this you will be having crucial meetings with other dialogue partners, such as Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, Russia, South Korea and the United States of America.

The formation of the Asean Economic Community in the next six weeks, similar to that of the European Union, which is characterised by a single market and the free intra-regional flow of goods, services and investments, will be the main focus of the meetings and has captured the imagination of global and regional economic observers.

Asean has been mouthing that it works in the interests of the people. But the economic integration, fashioned to look as if it prioritises the welfare of the people, only focuses on ‘Business Asean’ not ‘Social Asean’.

Business Asean, which includes the free trade agreements such as the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, European Union-Asean trade deal or the recently concluded Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, promote multinationals, Asean big businesses and lobbyists.

The social dimension to the integration efforts by the 10 member countries - Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, Laos, Brunei, Myanmar, Cambodia and the Philippines - is therefore sorely missing.

While the Asean Economic Community is said to be tailored after the European Union, it does not have bodies such as the European Parliament or the European Works Council to allow workers, farmers, fishermen, people from lower income groups and aborigines to have a say on Asean affairs.

In fact, much of the meetings, negotiations and discussions about the formation of the Asean Economic Community were done without consultations with the civil society, trade unions, human rights organisations and workers' groups.

People's aspirations missing

As such, the aspirations of the Asean people are completely missing in the integration exercise.

And these people are grappling with day to day issues affecting their livelihood, such as outsourcing, inequality within and between countries, migrant labour and informal work.

It is important to note here that declarations by the 10-member grouping, such as the Asean Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers and the Asean Human Rights Declaration, have not been effective due to their non-binding nature.

Asean leaders gloat that the region represents more than 500 million people and a gross domestic product (GDP) exceeding US$1 trillion.

But economic integration in the region thus far has been nothing but a race to the bottom, with domestic and global capital seeking to exploit cheap labour and in search of profitable investment at the expense of the workers and people of Asean.

For example, the withdrawal of speculative capital from Southeast Asia led to the Asian financial crisis, where thousands of people lost their jobs and saw their savings vanish.

Still nothing but cheap rhetoric

Fast forward to today: nothing has changed except for cheap rhetoric by Asean governments of a sharing and caring Asean, closing the development gap and reducing poverty and inequality.

As such, it is imminent that you, the leaders of Asean, agree to a binding Social Asean Charter to be implemented as a core principle of the economic integration.

All Asean member states must be committed to addressing the race to the bottom to ensure fair and equitable distribution of wealth, to observe basic labour rights and to strengthen social protection for the disadvantaged.

In short Social Asean will ensure the economic integration will focus on people over profits.

Dismissing the social charter in the Asean Economic Community will mean the bloc and governments are only interested in raking in the money at the expense of their own people.


CHARLES SANTIAGO is the Member of Parliament for Klang.

Share this story

OR

Welcome back,

Your subscription expires on
  

Your subscription will expire soon, kindly renew before
  

Your subscription is expired
  Click here to renew

You are not subscribed to any subscription package
  Click here to subscribe now

Any questions?
  Email: [email protected]
  Call: +603-777-00000

Renew