Malaysian oil giant Petronas is expected to announce further spending cuts next week as it braces for earnings battered by the slump in crude prices that is also pressuring its global peers.
The grim outlook for state-owned Petroliam Nasional Bhd puts more pressure on Southeast Asia's third largest economy, as the company accounts for nearly a third of the government's oil and gas-related revenue and provides a large number of jobs to Malaysians.
Malaysia's only Fortune 500 company is due to report fourth-quarter earnings on Monday, and analysts expect it to reverse last year's loss - its first in five years - and notch a net profit of less than RM1 billion (US$237.2 million), supported by its downstream business.
But Petronas is also expected to announce details of a sweeping overhaul, already disclosed internally, that could see spending cut by as much as RM50 billion over four years.
The company has already said it would cut its 2016 dividend to the government by almost 40 percent to RM16 billion (US$3.8 billion), a figure analysts said could shrink further.
"Can Petronas still pay up such a high price? I don't know," Vikas Halan, Singapore-based vice president for Moody's told Reuters , referring to the dividend.
Earlier this week, the credit ratings agency said Petronas was at risk of a downgrade as oil prices languish, drying up operating cash and inflating debt.
On Tuesday, its CEO Wan Zulkiflee Wan Ariffin is due to speak to staff about the belt-tightening measures, which local media have said could also see a reduction in working hours, and pay, for staff.
A Petronas spokesperson told Reuters there were no current plans for implementing a four-day working week, and that there would be no salary cuts. The spokesperson, however, said the company was reviewing contract positions that were not critical to its core business.
In February, Petronas shelved a joint venture risk-sharing contract with compatriot oil and gas service provider Dialog Group Bhd, blaming depressed oil prices.
Analysts say it is likely to stick with large-scale projects, namely the Rapid refining and petrochemical complex in Johor and the construction of a liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminal in Canada.
The Canadian project, however, could be delayed due to worries about marine life, analysts said.
"Given the amount of environmental concerns the project has, plus local opposition to it and the well supplied nature of the global LNG market, I'm bearish on the project's prospects," said analyst Peter Lee from BMI Research Singapore.