People held in controversial training camps in Xinjiang have "graduated" and new students will have the "freedom to come and go", the government of China's far western region said on Monday, slamming foreign estimates of the numbers detained.
The US and some Western nations have issued sharp rebukes after the United Nations and rights groups estimated between 1 million and 2 million people, mostly ethnic Uyghurs, were detained as part of a sweeping anti-terrorism campaign.
Estimates publicised in foreign media were "pure fabrication", Xinjiang's governor, Shohrat Zakir (above), told reporters in Beijing, however, without giving details.
"The US is getting restless and has launched a smear campaign against Xinjiang," Zakir added. "But no force can stop Xinjiang's progress toward stability and development."
A measure passed by the US House of Representatives that condemned China's treatment of its Uyghur Muslim minority was "a severe violation of international law and gross interference in China's internal affairs," he added, echoing Beijing's comments.
China, which has repeatedly denied any mistreatment of Uyghurs, has not provided any official figures of those held in the camps, which it says provide vocational training.
Tension has flared in recent weeks between China and the United States over issues such as Beijing's treatment of its Uyghur Muslim minority and protesters in Hong Kong, complicating prospects for a near-term deal to end a 17-month long trade war.
In July, a Xinjiang official said most people had "returned to society" from the camps. On Monday, Zakir said Xinjiang would continue with training based on "independent will" and "the freedom to come and go".
The claims are hard to verify, as China only allows periodic, curated visits to the camps, and there is little transparency into their operations.
Human rights groups and former detainees have said conditions in the camps are poor, with inmates subject to psychological and physical abuse.
The counter-terrorism measures in Xinjiang are no different from anti-terrorism measures in the United States, Zakir added.
At his news conference in the Chinese capital, images of past violence were displayed in excerpts from an English-language documentary, "Fighting Terrorism in Xinjiang", aired on state broadcaster CGTN.
The Uyghur bill, which was passed 407-1 in the Democratic-controlled House, requires the US president to condemn abuses against Muslims and calls for the closure of the camps in Xinjiang.
It also calls on President Donald Trump to impose sanctions for the first time on a member of China's powerful politburo, Xinjiang Communist Party Secretary Chen Quanguo.