FACT CHECK | Tasek Gelugor MP Shabudin Yahaya is mulling legal action against the media over reports on his remarks about child marriage and rape, which he claims were spun out of context.
Malaysiakini scrutinises media reports and the Parliament Hansard to get a better picture of who is spinning.
The backlash against Shabudin came after he was reported as saying that marriage between a rapist and his victim could serve as a remedy for social problems.
He had also reportedly said that girls who reached puberty as young as 12 years old were "physically and spiritually" ready for marriage.
The Umno lawmaker's remarks were mainly published by the English-language media.
Shabudin has since claimed that he was discussing cases of consensual sex with girls under the age of 16, which the law classifies as statutory rape.
He maintained that statutory rape is still a crime, but that there was no law preventing the girl from marrying the man (who raped her).
What the media reported:
Paragraphs 1-3: Marriage between a rape victim and the rapist was a possible remedy for social problems, a BN lawmaker told the Dewan Rakyat today.
Shabudin Yahya (BN-Tasek Gelugor) said while rape was a crime, the law does not prevent a rape victim from marrying the attacker.
He said marriage may even lead to the rapist repenting and it would be good for the victim to have a husband.
Paragraph 9: Shabudin said that the marriage of Muslim girls under the age of 16 required the permission of the Syariah Court.
Paragraph 1: There is nothing wrong with a rape victim marrying the rapist, according to a Barisan Nasional lawmaker who even suggested that some nine-year-olds were “physically and spiritually” ready for marriage.
Paragraph 5: “So it's not impossible for them to get married,” Shabudin said, adding there was “nothing wrong” with a rape victim marrying the rapist as it could serve as a “remedy” to the increasing number of social problems.
Paragraph 7: He said that although rape is a criminal offence, the rapist and the victim should be “given a second chance to turn a new leaf in life".
Paragraph 1-2: The future of rape victims is “not bleak” if they are married to their rapists, Umno’s Tasek Gelugor MP Shabudin Yahya said today.
Speaking in the Dewan Rakyat while debating the Child Sexual Offences Bill, Shabudin said that marriage between a victim and her rapist can in fact help solve social problems.
Page 82, Paragraph 6-7: Shabudin: On issues of sexual crime, when there is illicit sex with a girl under the age of 16, that can be classified as rape. Thus, even in Islam, there is no exception.
Thus if there is any law that can punish someone for rape, that law must be carried out. But at the same time, it does not become an obstacle if the couple decides or agrees to be wed, because it is not wrong for a girl under the age of 16 to marry someone who raped her. In terms of marriage laws, there is no offence. What offence occured is that the rapist raped a girl under the age of 16.
[Original version: Shabudin: Isu jenayah seksual, berlakunya persetubuhan haram dengan seorang perempuan di bawah umur 16 tahun adalah boleh ditakrifkan sebagai perlakuan rogol. Maka dalam hal ini, dalam Islam sendiri pun tidak memberikan apa-apa pengecualian.
Maka sekiranya ada apa-apa peraturan undang-undang yang boleh menghukum orang yang merogol, maka undang-undang rogol itu boleh dijalankan. Akan tetapi dalam masa yang sama, dia tidak mengganggu sekiranya pasangan itu diputuskan ataupun dipersetujui untuk berkahwin kerana tidak salah seorang gadis di bawah umur 16 tahun bersabit dengan rogol, dia berkahwin dengan orang yang merogolnya. Itu dari segi undang-undang perkahwinan tidak ada apa-apa kesalahan]
Page 85, Paragraph 5-7: Pasir Puteh MP Nik Mazian Nik Mohamad: Tasek Gelugor, Just now, was it rape or 'zina' (illicit sex). If zina, it is consensual. They agree to it, but rape is forced. That is a major crime.
Shabudin: Correct. Ok, I accept. Whether he committed zina or he committed rape, what is most important is that he goes through a process of realisation. A process of repenting. Those who commit 'zina', or rape, the offence is still a criminal offence. But they have a chance. Maybe with the marriage, they can go through a better life that is healthier and better. And the wife who was raped, maybe if she can get married she won't have to go through a bleak future.
At least she has a husband, someone can be her husband at the point of time. This is a remedy to social problems that occur in our society.
[Original version: Nik Mazian: Yang Berhormat Tasek Gelugor, laluan sikit. Laluan sikit Yang Berhormat Tasek Gelugor. Tadi rogol atau berzina? Kalau zina dia consensual. Dia bersetuju tetapi rogol ini dipaksa. Itu kesalahan jenayah besar.
Shabudin: Betul. Okey, saya terima. Masalah dia zina kah, masalah dia rogol kah, yang paling penting ialah apabila mereka melalui satu proses keinsafan. Proses mereka bertaubat. Orang berzina, orang rogol ini kesalahannya tetap kesalahan jenayah. Akan tetapi mereka ini mempunyai satu peluang. Mungkin dengan sebab perkahwinan itulah mereka dapat melalui satu kehidupan lain yang lebih sihat, yang lebih baik. Seorang isteri yang dirogol tadi, kalau dia dapat berkahwin, dia tidak akan melalui satu jalan kehidupan masa depan yang gelap.
Sekurang-kurangnya dia ada suami dia, ada orang yang boleh menjadi suami dia pada ketika itu. Itu adalah satu remedi kepada masalah-masalah sosial yang berlaku dalam masyarakat kita.]
Shabudin has since said that Muslim girls below 16 can get married if they get permission from the syariah courts.
He also claimed that his remarks about girls as young as nine years old being ready for marriage was taken out of context, as the girls must have reached puberty first.
What the media reported:
Paragraph 9: Shabudin said the marriage of Muslim girls under the age of 16 required the permission of the Syariah Court.
Paragraph 14-17: He also refuted (Parti Amanah Negara MP) Siti Mariah's (Mahmud) argument that 12-year-old girls were too young to be wed.
"When we discuss 12- and 15-year-olds, we don't see their physical bodies, because some children aged 12 or 15, their bodies are like an 18-year-old woman.
"So it's not impossible for them to get married," Shabudin said.
He added that girls who reached puberty as young as nine were physically and spiritually ready for marriage.
The Star Online:
Paragraph 2-5: Tasek Gelugor MP Shabudin Yahaya in trying to refute Dr Siti Mariah Mahmud (Amanah-Kota Raja), said that some 12- and 15-year-old girls looked older than their actual ages.
“When we discuss 12- and 15-year-olds, we don't see their physical bodies because some children aged 12 or 15, their bodies are like 18-year-old women," Shabudin told the Dewan Rakyat on Tuesday.
The former Syariah court judge added that some girls who reached puberty when they were as young as nine-years-old were “physically and spiritually” ready for marriage.
“So it's not impossible for them to get married,” Shabudin said, adding that there was “nothing wrong” with a rape victim marrying the rapist as it could serve as a “remedy” to the increasing number of social problems.
The Malay Mail Online:
Paragraph 9-11: He also said that physically and spiritually it is not a problem to marry off girls aged between nine and 12-years-old.
“They reach puberty at the age of nine, or 12. And at that time, the physical state of their body is already akin to them being 18-years-old,” he said.
“So physically and spiritually, it is not a barrier for the girl to marry,” he added
Shabudin's remarks according to the Parliament Hansard:
Page 82, Paragraph 1: Shabudin: .... there is a provision or clause in section 18 which provides that in certain cases, girls under the age of 16, when marriage is necessary, must first get permission from the syariah courts.
[Original version: Shabudin: Cuma dalam hal ini, bagi satu keperluan mashalih mursalah dan juga maslahat umum maka ada satu lagi peruntukkan ataupun klausa dalam seksyen 18 yang memperuntukkan bahawa bagi kes-kes tertentu di bawah umur 16 tahun bagi seorang gadis apabila ianya perlu dikahwinkan, maka ia mestilah mendapat terlebih dahulu kebenaran daripada Mahkamah Syariah.]
Page 84, Paragraph 8-9: Shabudin: Here we have to take note that it is not a problem when we say that those aged under 16, we say that those children are not mature. A girl, their maturity arrives when they reach the age of puberty, the age of nine they have become mature and usually sometimes there is a case. Like just now, when we talk about 12-year-olds, or 15-year-olds, we have not seen their physical bodies yet. Because there are children aged 12 or 15 even, their bodies appear to show as though they are girls who are 18-years-old.
So in this matter, it is not impossible that they get married and they have reached puberty at the age of nine, 12, in the condition that maybe their bodies are like 18-year-olds meaning that physically and spiritually, it does not become an obstacle for them to get married.
[Original version: Shabudin: Cuma di sini apa yang perlu kita ambil perhatian ialah bukan masalah bila kita katakan umur di bawah 16 tahun itu kita kata kanak-kanak itu tidak matang. Seorang gadis ini, kematangannya apabila sampai umur baligh, umur 9 tahun sudah matang dan biasanya kadangkadang ada kes. Macam tadi, kita kata umur 12 tahun ataupun umur 15 tahun, kita tak nampak lagi macam mana fizikal tubuh badannya. Sebab ada anak yang berumur 12 tahun atau 15 tahun pun tubuh badannya pun sudah menunjukkan dia seolah-olah macam gadis berumur 18 tahun.
Jadi, dalam hal ini tidak mustahil kalau dia dikahwinkan dan dia sudah mencapai akil baligh daripada umur 9, dia umur 12 tahun dengan keadaan mungkin tubuh badan yang sama seperti umur 18 tahun, maknanya dari segi fizikal dan juga dari segi spiritualnya juga tidak menjadi satu halangan untuk dia berkahwin.]
This Fact Check was done by ZIKRI KAMARULZAMAN