Former Vatican treasurer Cardinal George Pell will spend his first night behind bars on Wednesday after he was remanded into custody pending sentencing for sexually abusing two choir boys in Australia two decades ago.
Pell, a former top adviser to Pope Francis and the most senior Catholic cleric to be convicted for child sex offences, was found guilty in December of five charges related to the abuse of the 13-year-old boys while he was Archbishop of Melbourne in the 1990s.
Pell's guilty verdict was revealed in Australia on Tuesday after a court suppression order was dropped.
The 77-year-old Pell was back in court on Wednesday for his sentence plea hearing, where his bail was revoked and he was taken into custody ahead of his final sentence being determined.
Pell will be sentenced on March 13.
Each of the five offences of which Pell was found guilty carries a maximum 10 years imprisonment, and the judge outlined they were serious charges.
"This offending warrants immediate imprisonment," prosecutor Mark Gibson told a packed courtroom, which was crowded to overflowing with journalists, lawyers and members of the public.
"It involved two vulnerable boys."
Two victim impact statements were tendered in the hearing; one from the victim who testified in Pell's trial and one from the father of the other victim who died in 2014, but they were not made public.
Lawyers representing Pell argued for a lenient sentence, presenting Judge Peter Kidd with 10 character references, including one from former prime minister John Howard.
"None of them believe he is capable of this," Robert Richter, a lawyer representing Pell, told the court.
During the trial, one victim described how Pell had exposed himself to them, fondled their genitals and masturbated and forced one boy to perform a sex act on him.
"I see this as a serious example of this kind of offending," Kidd told the Melbourne County Court.
"There was an element of brutality to this assault."
Pell was heckled as he arrived at court and sat in the dock flanked by police officers. His conviction dominated media for a second day, with banner headlines in Australian newspapers such as "CARDINAL SIN", "CARDINAL TO CONVICTION" and "GUILTY".
Pell's lawyers have appealed his conviction. Pell has maintained his innocence.
His defence team withdrew an application for a bail hearing at a separate court on Wednesday afternoon, aimed at keeping him free until his appeal was heard.
The conviction of such a senior Vatican official has brought the Catholic church's growing sexual abuse crisis, which has also seen scandals in the United States, Chile and Germany, to the heart of the papal administration.
On Tuesday, Vatican spokesperson Alessandro Gisotti told reporters the conviction was "painful" for many but that the cardinal had proclaimed his innocence and had the right to "defend himself until the last level" of the judicial process.
Gisotti also said Pell's five-year term as Vatican economy minister had expired on Feb 24, and later tweeted that he was "no longer the Prefect of the Secretariat for the Economy".
The pope ended a conference on sexual abuse on Sunday, calling for an "all-out battle" against a crime that should be "erased from the face of the earth".