Deadly storm Florence drenched North Carolina with more downpours on Sunday, cutting off the coastal city of Wilmington, damaging tens of thousands of homes and threatening worse flooding as rivers fill to the bursting point.
The death toll rose to at least 17.
Florence, a one-time hurricane that weakened to a tropical depression by Sunday, dumped up to 100cm of rain on parts of North Carolina since Thursday, and continued to produce widespread heavy rain over much of North Carolina and eastern South Carolina, the National Weather Service said.
"The storm has never been more dangerous than it is right now," North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper told a news conference. Many rivers "are still rising, and are not expected to crest until later today or tomorrow."
Some rivers were not expected to crest until Monday or Tuesday, the National Weather Service said.
More than 900 people were rescued from rising floodwaters and 15,000 remained in shelters in the state, Cooper said.
Many of those rescues took place on swift boats in Wilmington, a historic coastal city of about 117,000 people on a peninsula between the Cape Fear River and the Atlantic Ocean.
Rescue crews negotiated downed trees and power lines to reach stranded residents, Mayor Bill Saffo told WHQR radio.
"There are no roads ... leading into Wilmington that are passable because of the flooding that is taking place now inland," Saffo said.
The National Weather Service issued a flash flood warning for the area until at least Monday morning and said up to 20 cm more rain could fall in some areas, creating an elevated risk for landslides in Western North Carolina.
Officials urged those who had evacuated to stay away.
In Leland, a low-lying city north of Wilmington, homes and businesses were engulfed by water that rose up to three metres over Highway 17, submerging stop signs in what local people called unprecedented flooding.
The sheriff's department and volunteers, including locals and some who came from Texas, rescued stranded residents by boat, extracting families, infants, the elderly and pets.
Gas stations were abandoned and fallen trees made many roads impassable. The whir of generators could be heard throughout the city, a sound not expected to dim soon as crews work to restore power.
More than 641,000 homes and businesses were without electricity in North and South Carolina and surrounding states, down from a peak of nearly one million.
Florence set a record in the state for rain from a hurricane, surpassing the previous record of 61cm set by Hurricane Floyd, which killed 56 people in 1999, said Bryce Link, a meteorologist with private forecasting service DTN Marine Weather.
The storm killed at least 11 people in North Carolina, including a mother and child killed by a falling tree, state officials said. Six people died in South Carolina, including four in car accidents and two from carbon monoxide from a portable generator.
South Carolina's governor urged anyone in a flood-prone area to evacuate.
"Those rivers in North Carolina that have received heavy rainfall are coming our way," Governor Henry McMaster said during a news conference. "They have not even begun (to crest). But they will. And the question is how high will the water be, and we do not know."
By Sunday night, Florence's winds had dropped to about 45km/h, the National Hurricane Centre said, with some weakening forecast over the next 24 hours before intensifying once again as an extra-tropical low-pressure centre.
The centre of the storm was about 70km north-northeast of Greenville and moving north at 17km/h, the hurricane centre said.